“Fraction” is the most commonly used term in our daily existence and students regularly perform a variety of operations with respect to fractions in their classroom. In Maths, fractions play an important role as they will appear in many simplification problems. We generally represent the fraction using a circle chart (or pie chart) or bar graphs. These will give you clear visualization on the fractions, when the data is represented using those charts.

In real life, we also observe fractions while stating that three-fourth of the food is left or she could finish only a quarter of the pizza, etc. Here, three-fourth (¾ th) and a quarter (¼) are fractions. Besides, there are other scenarios like while telling the time to another person, while calculating the mileage of a vehicle, the number of ingredients in a particular item and so on. Some of these fractions can be decomposed as **partial fraction** depending on the situation.

Fractions, ratios and percentages are closely related to each other. Students will be introduced with different types of fractions, operations involving fractions and its applications in various fields in their classes of 6, 7 and 8. The basics of all these concepts will further help the students in their higher classes, while solving different algebraic expression, equations, polynomials, differential equations, etc., The major topics where the fractions occur frequently are namely real numbers, trigonometry, time and work, time-speed-distance and progressions. The major topics where the fractions occur frequently are namely real numbers, trigonometry, time and work, time speed distance and progressions. These will give you clear visualization on the fractions, when the data is represented using those charts.

There are different types of fractions in Maths, which are categorized based on the nature of numerator and denominator. Two fractions are said to be proper fractions if they have the same denominator, while otherwise they are called **improper fractions**. There is another type of fraction called a mixed fraction. This is a kind of improper fraction. We can also perform basic arithmetic operations on fractions such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Addition and subtraction of two fractions can be done only if their denominators are the same. In case the denominators are different, we first need to make them equal by either of the two methods, viz multiplication and LCM. Once the denominators become equal we can perform these operations easily. Apart from the direct operations, there also exist word problems where we have to convert the given data into fractions and then solve accordingly. Fractions, ratios and percentages are closely related to each other. Students will be introduced with different types of fractions, operations involving fractions and its applications in various fields in their classes of 6, 7 and 8th.