How much you know about drug abuse?

Stimulate aggressive or criminal behaviors.

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Effects and risks of drug use

The abuse of alcohol and drug use is a matter of special concern in the world, which can lead to significant deterioration in people’s health, as well as episodes of violence or crime, alterations in the quality of life and serious disorders social. Visit this site for drug rehab.

Incidence and impact

According to figures from the World Health Organization (WHO), about 15 million people in the world are addicted to substances, both illicit and prescription. However, only 10% of the affected population would be receiving treatment. Frequent drug use first causes a significant loss in the identity and sense of vital purpose of the person, who becomes prey to the drug and loses freedom. In a second instant, it produces significant brain and physical damage, which affects social, work and family functioning. And in a third moment it produces the complete collapse of the person and his death.

drug abuse

Some opioids are heroin, methadone, oxycodone, tramadol and morphine. Its abuse can lead to respiratory depression, as its effects alter the functioning of the breathing center, located in the brain. This puts the person at vital risk. As described by WHO, an opioid overdose is a medical emergency that is characterized by three signs and symptoms, categorized as the “trio by opioid overdose. These are myosis (contracted pupils), loss of consciousness and respiratory depression. The situation can be aggravated if different opioids are mixed, or combined with alcohol.

The abuse of different types of drugs predisposes to

  • Alter humor and social relationships.
  • Distort the perception of what has value or not for the person.
  • Stimulate aggressive or criminal behaviors.
  • Increase the risk of disease.

Short- and long-term effects

Psychoactive substances have a direct effect on neurons and glial cells, which can cause brain death and damage to the structure and vascularization of the brain. Drugs generate brain damage through vascular damage, in support cells and directly on neurons. The brain of an addict is dying rapidly, decreases its volume and works increasingly precariously.

These negative effects can also spread to the rest of the body, causing damage to the skin, the endocrine, cardiovascular, hepatic and reproductive systems, among others. The alterations can be irreversible and fatal. As an example, marijuana produces selective damage to the hippocampus that affects the ability to concentrate and memory, as well as the limbic system, predisposing to depressive and panic disorders. Alcohol causes liver damage, leading to cirrhosis and liver failure, as well as producing global cortical damage at the brain level. Cocaine, on the other hand, produces vascular micro-infarcts in the brain and can lead to a heart attack. The latter is a psychostimulant substance that activates the brain’s dopamine receptors. It acts directly in the mesolimbic circuit of the reward, generating euphoria, tachycardia and an expanded perception of reality. In the long term, the brain optimizes by saving brain activity, lowering energy levels and euphoria, and the person remains in a constant depressive lethargy which he only manages to leave when he consumes again. This is done every time in greater quantities, just to stop feeling bad. On the other hand, drug use leads to a vicious cycle, as these substances generate addiction and urgency for its use, with a consequent withdrawal syndrome. tachycardia and an expanded perception of reality. In the long term, the brain optimizes by saving brain activity, lowering energy levels and euphoria, and the person remains in a constant depressive lethargy which he only manages to leave when he consumes again.