Hair loss aka alopecia is a condition when someone notice hair falls from the scalp or any other part of the body. Getting rid of hair from other parts of the body is ok, but it’s not good when your scalp is missing the hair thickness. Generally, people seek help from dermatologists for the removal of unwanted hair from legs, arms or neck which is an expensive job. However, transplantation of new hair on the scalp is a more complex process. Hair losses from scalp due to many reasons like unsuitable environment, pollution, dust and sometimes genetic. Alopecia is of several kinds that vary from person to person. Here is a detail of some common types of hair loss symptoms that will enhance your knowledge.
Types of scalp hair loss
- Anagen Effluvium
This is not a natural process of hair loss but happens due to the impact of medical treatment. A person suffering from cancer goes through several stages of treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy. The chemotherapy promotes rapid healing in cancer cells from the body, but it also has some adverse effects. Expecting hair fall during cancer treatment is very common. The drugs that are injected, given orally or applied directly on skin cause issues like killing hair follicles, blood-forming cells and the cells of the digestive system. However, it is a temporary hair loss and hair follicles regrow once the treatment sessions end.
- Alopecia Areata
Sometimes, the immune system of the body also become the reason of problems like hair loss. It attacks healthy tissues of skin including hair follicles too that are known as roots of the hair. The patients suffering from this condition lose hair from all parts of the body including eyebrows and eyelashes too. As treatment measures, doctors assert medication such as steroids, vasodilators & immunosuppressive drugs.
- Tinea Capitis
Fungal infection is also a major reason why people lost their hair. It is a common problem among children because of the low immunity against fungal infections. One can easily notice its symptoms with circular patches over the scalp that results in bald spots. A person suffering from this disease experience dryness and itching that increases over time. The hair loss doctor provide antifungal drugs can successfully cure this problem and people regain a good amount of hair again on their scalps.
- Androgenetic Alopecia
This is a common type of hair loss problem that mainly affects the men scalp. In common term, people also recognize it as male-pattern baldness. In this condition, the hair loss starts from both side temples. Along with the declining from the front, the top of the head called crown also lose hair. In case of women, the hair weakens from entire scalp rather than a specific area. Some common reasons behind Alopecia Areata are heart diseases, prostate cancer, insulin disorder & high blood pressure. Vasodilators, urinary retention medications, and FUE hair transplant are some effective measures to cure Androgenetic Alopecia.
- Folliculitis Decalvans
Scarring, swelling, and redness are some symptoms that signify a person is suffering from Folliculitis Decalvans. It is the destruction of hair follicles that finally results in permanent hair loss if not treated timely. Its exact cause is still unknown, but the cure is possible to an extent. When the follicles destroy, they have less tendency to regrow. Including scalp, Folliculitis Decalvans can occur to various other parts of the body such as beard, underarms, and legs. There is not a permanent cure to this problem, but oral antibiotics, steroids, isotretinoin, and Methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy can help is reducing the impacts.